Baker, Ronald L. Homeless Friendless, and Penniless: The WPA Interview that have Previous Submissives Surviving in Indiana. Bloomington: Indiana College Force: 2000.
Give, Draw A great. “Good Rosetta Brick on the Slavery’s House: Eleutherian College together with Shed Antislavery Reputation for Jefferson State, Indiana.” Ph.D. diss., Purdue College or university, 2014.
Audrey C. Werle “Search Notes to the Indiana African american Records,” Yards 792, William Henry Smith Art gallery Library, Indiana Historic Neighborhood, Indianapolis, Indiana.
New 19th century Ebony society of Johnson Condition is short but do show a hefty boost ranging from 1860 and you will 1870. Informants explore areas that appear as similar to neighborhoods but next data is warranted. Other areas will be the Stockyards (1859-1870s) to the east edge of Franklin; a keen unnamed part of Franklin centered on Western Madison Roadway (1860s to present); an unnamed, vague town into the Edinburgh; and Idlewilde into the Hensley Township and that never ever created as platted loads were too small.
Audrey C. Werle “Look Notes towards the Indiana African american Record,” Meters 792, William Henry Smith Art gallery Collection, Indiana Historical People, Indianapolis, Indiana.
Established in 1817, Jennings County got very early African Americans settlers. Forty-seven free blacks was indeed enumerated in its earliest government decennial census in 1820 census. The new black colored population proceeded to go up–58 in 1830; 158 in 1840; 323 in 1850; 151 when you look at the 1860 (obvious drop off); and 422 within the 1870.
Xenia E. Cord’s “Black colored Rural Agreements inside the Indiana before 1860” implies that Jennings State, regardless if unnamed, had you to definitely antebellum, black outlying society. The fresh Historical Black colored Western Web sites and you may Formations when you look at the Jennings County had written from the Conservation Association demonstrates southern area of the town of Vernon there was a settlement also known as Richland or Africa (based in Vernon Township). Audrey Werle’s lookup notes also recommend a young payment in addition to Below ground Railway hobby.
Very early landowners within this Vernon Township payment incorporated Dennis Carsey (Kersey) produced for the Georgia in the 1789 and William Bonnet, the brand new child of your Revolutionary Combat experienced (same title) regarding Jefferson Condition, Indiana. Carsey ordered a total of 80 miles out of government property to find 40 acres into the 1834, and you will once again into the 1837. Hood’s federal home purchases included a couple transactions for the 1841 for a beneficial complete regarding 160 acres. During the 1850, there have been 21 black landowners inside Jennings County, whose home try collectively valued on $8,140 (Heller). The brand new Historical Black colored Western Internet sites and you will Structures states several property info, an1841 action purchase to own an effective Richland Cemetery plus the 1847 action for a plot of land to your African Methodist Episcopal Church that signed in the 1900. Many of the Jennings State surnames recorded regarding the Indiana Negro Register1852-1865 is Dennis, Dye, Vickery, and you can Valentine, which have birthplaces noted since the South carolina and Georgia. Aaron Wallace, and specified about 1830 Jennings County census, might be the exact same individual that specific Indianapolis background instructions esteem given that city’s basic black colored resident. (Coming in in the early 1820s, Aaron Wallace was the students slave from Standard John Tipton, exactly who assisted discover town due to the fact second condition capital.) The brand new Richland Settlement house happens to be part of the Crosley State Fish and you will Wildlife Town. A good cemetery with marks of some headstones is that stays.
Into the 1830 the brand new census reveals a maximum of half dozen totally free some body off colour residing in the fresh new state Rochester, MI women for white men. Milly Magill heads a family regarding about three slight pupils inside Franklin Township in which the city of Franklin is positioned. Another one or two specified individuals are now living in Nineveh and you can Bluish Lake Townships.